Ključnik: propaganda
Chinese “smokeless war”: The insidious penetration through media

Chinese “smokeless war”: The insidious penetration through media

The China financial outlay for propaganda was estimated in 2009 to be $6 billion to the global expansion of state media, while a more recent estimate, by scholar David Shambaugh in 2017, put the amount to that China was spending to as much as $10 billion per year on enhancing its “soft power,” although state media would only account for a portion of that sum.